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Indian Air Force conduct Air Force Common Admission Test (AFCAT)
Important Points:
  1. Total Time Duration: 2 hours
  2. Number of Questions: 100
  3. Marking Criteria: +3 for each correct answer
  4. Negative Marking: -1 for each incorrect answer
  5. No marks for unattended questions.

AFCAT Syllabus 2020
AFCAT Syllabus: General Awareness
This section tests the general knowledge of the candidates. The questions are designed on the basis of ongoing, current events in various fields around the world. About 20 questions are asked in this section. The major topics covered in this section are given below:
  1. History
  2. Sports
  3. Geography
  4. Art and Culture
  5. Current Affairs
  6. Politics
  7. Civics
  8. Environment
  9. Defense
  10. Basic Science

AFCAT Syllabus: English
This section tests the proficiency of student in English. The knowledge of language through comprehension is also a part of this section. Total number of questions asked from this section will be about 30. The important topics for this section are:
  1. Comprehension
  2. Basic Grammar
  3. Fill in the blanks by choosing the appropriate word
  4. Tenses
  5. Error Detection
  6. Sentence Completion
  7. Synonyms and Antonyms
  8. Testing of Vocabulary

AFCAT Syllabus: Numerical Ability
This section is to check the knowledge, speed and accuracy of the student in solving numerical problems.Basic Mathematical concepts are covered. The important topics of this section are as follows:

  1. Decimal and Fraction
  2. Simple Interest & Compound Interest
  3. Time & Distance (Trains/Boats & Streams)
  4. Percentage
  5. Ratio & Proportion
  6. Time and Work
  7. Average
  8. Profit & Loss

AFCAT Syllabus: Reasoning and Military Aptitude Test:
  1. Odd One Out
  2. Analogy
  3. Venn Diagram
  4. Pattern Completion
  5. Dot Situation Analysis
  6. Blood Relation
  7. Missing Figures
  8. Figure Classification
  9. Coding and Decoding
  10. Spotting the Embedded Figures
  11. Sequencing
Angular JS
AngularJs Course Syllabus
Learn through our all-inclusive AngularJS course syllabus with adequate practical experiences to develop the easy to manage web pages. Our trainers are skilled and have the industry experience to handle classes as per the student's proficiency. We assist you for the assured placement after the successful course completion with valuable certification at Softlogic System.

Session 1: Introduction to HTML
  • HTML Basics, Elements, Attributes, Styles
  • Forms, Form Elements, Input Element Types
  • Input Attributes, File Paths, Script tag
Session 2: Introduction to CSS
  • CSS Introduction, Syntax, Selectors, Styling
  • Pseudo class, Pseudo Elements
  • CSS Tables, CSS Box Models
  • CSS Opacity, CSS Navigation Bar, Dropdowns
Session 3: Introduction to JavaScript
  • JavaScript Statements, Keywords, Functions
  • JavaScript Programs, Operators, Functions
  • Function Parameters, Function Return Types
  • Data Types, Primitive Types
Session 4: Working with Objects
  • Object Oriented Programming, Object Creation
  • Adding Methods of Objects
  • JavaScript Loops & Iteration
  • Adding Properties of Objects
  • JavaScript Conditional Statements
  • Enumerating Properties, Callbacks, JSON
Session 5: Angular JS Basics
  • What is Angular JS?
  • Why Angular JS?
  • Why MVC matters
  • MVC-The Angular JS way
  • Features of Angular JS ,Model-View-Controller
  • My First Angular JS app
Session 6: Angular Expressions
  • All about Angular Expressions
  • How to use expressions, Angular vs JavaScript
Session 7: Filters
  • Built-In Filters, Using Angular JS Filters
  • Creating Custom Filters
Session 8: Directives
  • Introduction to Directives, Directive Lifecycle
  • Binding controls to data, Matching directives
  • Using Angular JS built-in directives
  • Creating a custom directive
Session 9: Controllers
  • Role of a Controller, Controllers & Modules
  • Attaching Properties and functions to scope
  • Nested Controllers, Using Filters in Controllers
  • Controllers in External Files
Session 10: Angular JS Modules
  • Introduction to Angular JS Modules
  • Bootstrapping Angular JS
Session 11: Angular JS Forms
  • Working with Angular Forms, Model Binding
  • Forms Events, Updating Models with a Twist
  • Form Controller, Validating Angular Forms
  • $error object
Session 12: Scope
  • What is scope, Scope Lifecycle
  • Scope Inheritance, Scope & Controllers
  • Root scope, Scope Broadcasting
  • Two-way data binding, Scope Inheritance
  • Scope & Directives, $apply and $watch
  • Scope Events
Session 13: Dependency Injection & Services
  • What is Dependency Injection
  • Creating Services, Factory, Service & Provider
  • Using Dependency Injection, What are services
  • Using Angular JS built in services
Session 14: Single Page Application (SPA)
  • What is SPA, Pros and Cons of SPA
  • Passing Parameters, Changing location
  • Installing the ng Route module, Configure routes
  • Resolving promises, Creating a Single Page Apps
Session 15: Angular JS Animation
  • ng Animate Module, CSS Transforms
  • CSS Transitions, Applying Animations
Session 16: Introduction to Node JS
  • Introduction to Node JS
  • Advantages of Node JS
  • What is Node JS, Node.js Process Model
  • Traditional Web Server Model
Session 17: Setup Development Environment
  • Install Node.js on Windows
  • Working in REPL, Node JS Console
Session 18: Node JS Modules
  • Functions, Buffer, Module
  • Modules Types
  • Core Modules, Local Modules
  • Modules Exports
Session 19: Node Package Manager
  • What is NPM, Installing Packages Locally
  • Installing package globally
  • Adding dependency in package json
  • Updating packages
Session 20: Creating Web Server
  • Creating Web Server
  • Sending Requests
  • Handling http requests
Session 21: File System
  • read File, Writing a File
  • Opening a file, Deleting a file
  • Writing a file asynchronously
  • Other IO Operations
Session 22: Debugging Node JS Application
  • Core Node JS Debugger
Session 23: Events
  • Event Emitter class
  • Inheriting Events
  • Returning event emitter
Session 24: Express JS
  • Configuring Routes
  • Working with Express
Session 25: Serving Static Resources
  • Serving Static Files
  • Working with Middle Ware
Session 26: Database Connectivity
  • Connecting String, Configuring
  • Updating Records
  • Working with Select Command
  • Deleting Records
Session 27: Project Development
  • Project Development using Node JS
Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission (APPSC)
General Studies Section Marks History and Culture - 30
Constitution polity, Social Justice and International relations - 30
Indian and Andhra Pradesh Economy and Planning 30 Geography - 30

History and Culture
The syllabus for History and culture will include
  • Ancient History
  • Medieval History
  • Modern History
  • Indian Freedom Struggle
  • India after Independence till 1980
  • History of Andhra Pradesh
  • Important Events in History of Andhra Pradesh
  • Types of Architecture and Painting in Andhra Pradesh
  • Historical Monuments in Andhra Pradesh
Constitution polity, Social Justice and International relations
This section of the APPSC Group 1 syllabus deals with the Indian polity and the constitutional developments took place in the establishment of Andhra Pradesh. Besides, Social justice topics will also be included. The International relation has the current orientation also. The topics will include
  • Indian Constitution
  • Recent Legislations passed/introduced in India and Andhra Pradesh
  • Important Acts passed by India and Andhra Pradesh government
  • Social Justice Topics such as child labour, women empowerment
  • International relations of India with the neighbours and the superpowers
Indian Economy and the Economy of Andhra Pradesh
This section of the APPSC Group 1 Syllabus includes all the topics related to the economic activities in Indian and Andhra Pradesh. The topics will include
  • Indian Economy
  • Macro Economics
  • Micro Economics
  • Recent Budget
  • Economic Survey
  • Banking System in India
  • Economic pillars of the Andhra Pradesh's Economy
  • Andhra Pradesh's Budget
  • Planning in India
  • Five Year Plans
  • Niti Aayog

The Geography section in the APPSC Group 1 syllabus can give advantage to the candidates as the major focus will be on Andhra Pradesh. The topic will include
  • Physical Geography
  • Important Physical feature of India
  • World Geography
  • Physical features of Andhra Pradesh
  • Demography of Andhra Pradesh
  • Demography of India

General Aptitude Section Marks General Mental Ability, Administrative and Psychological Abilities - 60
Science and Technologies - 30
Current events of Regional, National and International importance - 30

General Aptitude Paper

The General Mental Ability, Administrative and Psychological Abilities is the largest section of the second paper. It will include the topics from the following
1. Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability.
2. Number Series, Coding-Decoding.
3. Problems Related to Relations.
4. Shapes and their Sub-sections, Venn Diagram.
5. Problems based on Clocks, Calendar and Age.
6. Number system and order of Magnitude.
7. Ratio, proportion and variation.
8. Central Tendencies - mean, median, mode — including weighted mean.
9. Power and exponent, Square, Square Root, Cube Root, H.C.F. and L.C.M.
10. Percentage, Simple and Compound Interest, Profit and loss.
11. Time and Work, Time and Distance, Speed and Distance.
12. Area and Perimeter of Simple Geometrical Shapes, Volume and Surface Area of Sphere,
Cone, Cylinder, cubes and Cuboids.
13. Lines, angels and common geometrical figures — properties of transverse and parallel lines, properties of triangles, quadrilateral, rectangle, parallelogram and rhombus.
14. Introduction to algebra — BODMAS, simplification of weird symbols.
15. Data interpretation, Data Analysis, Data sufficiency, and concepts of Probability.
16. Emotional Intelligence: Understanding and analysing emotions, Dimensions of emotional intelligence, coping with emotions, empathy and coping with stress.
17. Social Intelligence, interpersonal skills, Decision making, Critical thinking, problem-solving and assessment of personality.

Science and Technology
18. Science and Technology: Nature and Scope of Science & Technology; Relevance of Science & Technology to the day to day life; National Policy on Science, Technology and Innovation; Institutes and Organization in India promoting integration of Science, Technology and Innovation, their activities and contribution; Contribution of Prominent Indian Scientists.
19. Information and Communication Technology (ICT): Nature and Scope of ICT; ICT in day to day life; ICT and Industry; ICT and Governance - Various government schemes promoting the use of ICT, E-Governance programmes and services; Netiquettes; Cyber Security Concerns - National Cyber Crime Policy.
20. Technology in Space & Defence: Evolution of Indian Space Programme; Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) — it's activities and achievements; Various Satellite Programmes — Satellites for Telecommunication, Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) Satellites; Satellites for defence, Eduset or Satellites for academic purposes; Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO)- vision, mission and activities.
21. Energy Requirement and Efficiency: India's existing energy needs and deficit; India's Energy Resources and Dependence, Energy policy of India Government Policies and Programmes. Solar, Wind and Nuclear energy
22. Environmental Science: Issues and concerns related to environment; Its legal aspects, policies and treaties for the protection of environment at the national and the international level; Biodiversity- its importance and concerns; Climate Change, International Initiatives (Policies, Protocols) and India's commitment; Forest and Wildlife - Legal framework for Forest and Wildlife Conservation in India; Environmental Hazards, pollution, carbon emission, Global warming. National Action plans on Climate Change and Disaster management. Biotechnology and Nanotechnology; Nature, Scope and application, Ethical, Social, and Legal Issues, Government Policies. Genetic Engineering; Issues related to it and its impact on human life. Health & Environment.
Bank Exams
Quantitative Aptitude:
- Number Systems
- Ratio & Proportion
- Percentage & Averages
- Profit & Loss
- Mixtures & Alligations
- Simple Interest & Compound Interest
- Surds & Indices
- Time & Distance
- Mensuration – Cylinder
- Cone
- Sphere
- Sequence & Series
- Permutation Combination & Probability
- Quadratic Equations
- Data Interpretation.

Reasoning Ability:
- Sitting Arrangements
- Tabulation
- Logical Reasoning
- Syllogism
- Input Output
- Coding Decoding
- Alphanumeric Series
- Ranking / Direction / Alphabet Test
- Data Sufficiency
- Coded Inequalities
- Non Verbal Reasoning.

English Language:
- Reading Comprehension
- Cloze Test
- Error Spotting
- Sentence Correction
- Para Jumbles
- Vocabulary
- Multiple Meaning Words
- Paragraph Completion and New Pattern Questions of various types.

- Number System
- History of computers
- Hardware
- Software
- Database (Introduction)
- Communication (Basic Introduction)
- Networking (Lan Wan)
- Internet (Concept History Working Environment Application)
- Security Tools
- Virus Hacker
- MS Windows & MS Office
- Logic Gates.

Current Affairs:
- Banks in NEWS
- Economy based current affairs
- Business NEWS
- Agreements
- New Appointments
- Visits
- Government Schemes
- Awards and Honors
- Summits
- Committees
- National and International
- Obituaries
- Reports and Indexes
- Books and Authors
- Defense
- Sports

- Function of RBI
- Banking Abbreviations
- Banking Regulation Act 1949
- Policy Rates
- Types of Accounts
- Capital Market
NEET Syllabus 2020 for Chemistry
Class XI
  • Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • Structure of Atom
  • Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
  • Thermodynamics
  • Equilibrium
  • Redox Reactions
  • Hydrogen
  • s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
  • Some p-Block Elements
  • Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Environmental Chemistry
Class XII
  • Solid State
  • Solutions
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Surface Chemistry
  • General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • p- Block Elements
  • d and f Block Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • Biomolecules
  • Polymers
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life
NEET 2020 Syllabus for Physics
Class XI
  • Physical-world and measurement
  • Kinematics
  • Laws of Motion
  • Work, Energy and Power
  • Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
  • Gravitation
  • Properties of Bulk Matter
  • Thermodynamics
  • Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
  • Oscillations and Waves
Class XII
  1. Electrostatics
  2. Current Electricity
  3. Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  4. Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  5. Electromagnetic Waves
  6. Optics
  7. Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  8. Atoms and Nuclei
  9. Electronic Devices
NEET Syllabus 2020 for Biology
Class XI

  • Diversity in Living World
  • Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants
  • Cell Structure and Function
  • Plant Physiology
  • Human physiology
Class XII
  • Reproduction
  • Genetics and Evolution
  • Biology and Human Welfare
  • Biotechnology and Its Applications
  • Ecology and environment
NEET PG Paper Pattern
Number of Sessions Single Number of Questions: 300 MCQs
Language Medium: English Only
Exam Duration: 3 Hours 30 Minutes
Marking Scheme +4
Negative marking -1

Subject - Marks Allocated (In Numbers)
Part A
- Biochemistry 16
- Anatomy 17
- Physiology 17

Part B
- Microbiology 20
- Pharmacology 20
- Pathology 25
- Social and preventive medicine 25
- Forensic Medicine 10

Part B
- General Medicine including Dermatology & Venereology & Psychiatry 45
- ENT 10
- General Surgery including Orthopedics, Anaesthesia & Radiodiagnosis 45
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology 30
- Paediatrics 10
- Ophthalmology 10

Total - 300
Mode of the NEET MDS examination: Computer-based exam
Time allotted during the exam: 3 hours
Types of questions: Objective type questions
Total number of questions: 240 MCQs
Total marks: 960 marks
Medium of exam: English only
Syllabus: Topics covered in BDS which includes Pre-Clinical, Clinical and ParaclinicalCorrect answer: 4 marks will be awarded
Wrong answer: 1 mark will be deducted
Unanswered: 0 marks

NEET MDS syllabus 2021
Subject - Number of questions
Part-A (Total questions-100)

General Anatomy including embryology and histology 14
General human physiology and Biochemistry 14
Dental Anatomy, Embryology & Oral Histology 14
General Pathology and Microbiology 14
General and Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics 14
General Medicine 15 General Surgery 15

Part-B (Total questions- 140)
Dental Materials 14
Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology 14
Oral Medicine and Radiology 14
Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 14
Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics 14
Periodontology 14
Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge 14
Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics 14
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 14
Public Health Dentistry 14

Grand total (A+B) 240
JEE Advanced Syllabus

Thermal Physics:
  • Kirchoff's Laws
  • Newton's Laws of Cooling
  • Black-Body Radiation
  • Absorptive & Emissive Power
  • Stefan's Law
  • Wein's Displacement Law
  • Equivalent Conductivity
Nuclear Chemistry:
  • Radioactivity and Carbon Dating
  • Kinetics of Radioactive Decay
  • Properties of 𝛼-, 𝛽-, & 𝛾-rays
  • Fission & Fusion Reactions
  • Proton to Neutron Ratio & Stability of Nuclei
JEE Main Syllabus
Physics Chemistry Maths Electronic Devices:
  • Semiconductors & Semiconductor Diodes
  • Forward & Reverse Bias
  • I-V Characteristics of Photo-Diode
  • Solar Cells
  • LEDs
  • Zener Diode as a Voltage Regulator
  • Junction Transistors & their Characteristics
  • Transistor Action
  • Transistors as Amplifiers (Common Emitter Configuration)
  • Transistors as Switches
  • Oscillators
Electronic Waves:
  • Definition & Characteristics of Electronic Waves
  • Transverse Nature of Electronic Waves
  • Applications of EM Waves
  • Electromagnetic Spectrum
Communication Systems:
  • Propagation of EM Waves
  • Amplitude Modulation & Frequency Modulation
  • Signal Bandwidth & Transmission Medium
  • Basic Elements of Communication Systems (Block Diagrams)
  • Definition & Classification of Biomolecules
  • Functions of Biomolecules
  • Nucleic Acids & Their Chemical Composition
  • Functions of DNA & RNA
Chemistry in Everyday Life:
  • Cleansing Action of Soaps & Detergents
  • Chemicals in Food (Artificial Sweeteners & Preservatives)
  • Analgesics, Tranquillizers, Antibiotics, Antiseptics, Antihistamines, Antifertility Drugs, Antimicrobials, & Disinfectants
Sets, Relations, & Functions:
  • Representation of Sets
  • Unions, Intersections, & Compliments
  • Types of Relations & Equivalent Relations
  • Power Sets
  • Algebraic Properties of Sets
  • Heights and Distances
Statistics & Probability:
  • Calculating Mean & Median
  • Measures of Dispersion
  • Calculating Mode of Grouped/Ungrouped Data
  • Calculating Variance, Mean, & Standard Deviation of Grouped/Ungrouped Data
Mathematical Reasoning:
  • Statements & Logical Operations
  • Tautology
  • Contradiction
  • Converse
  • Contrapositive
Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF)
UPSC CAPF 2020 Syllabus – Written Exam
Paper I - General Mental ability and General Science
1. General Mental Ability
The objective of this section's questions is to test the logical reasoning, quantitative aptitude including numerical ability, and data interpretation of the candidates.
2. General Science
The questions from this section will be designed to test the general awareness, scientific temper, comprehension and appreciation of scientific phenomena of everyday observation including new areas of importance like Information Technology, Biotechnology and Environmental Science. The candidates need to read the newspaper's Science and Technology columns regularly to answer the questions of this section.
3. Current Events of National and International Importance
Current affairs is a critical section for all the competitive exams. The questions from current affairs will test the candidates' awareness of current events of national and international importance in the broad areas of culture, music, arts, literature, sports, governance, societal and developmental issues, industry, business, globalisation, and interplay among nations.
4. Indian Polity and Economy
Indian Polity and the Constitution of India are common topics for all UPSC exams. The depth of the question varies from exam to exam. The candidates are suggested to read the Constitution of India in its entirety first and then only read the other reference books. Indian Economy and its constituents are the other common topic for UPSC exams. The questions from this section shall aim to test candidates' knowledge of the country's political system and the Constitution of India, social systems and public administration, economic development in India, regional and international security issues and human rights including its indicators.
5. History of India
This is common to all and the important thing is that it can't change. Only some additions can be done with the help of research and discoveries. The History of India, which includes Ancient History, Medieval History and Modern History, is the cornerstone for preparing any competitive exam. Indian Freedom struggle is the most important topic among them all. The UPSC questions will broadly cover the subject in its social, economic and political aspects. This shall also include the areas of growth of nationalism and freedom movement.
6. Indian and World Geography
Geography is the basis of the general knowledge topics and if the candidate understands the geography topics, it provides him with an edge over his competitors. The geography questions shall cover the physical, social and economic aspects of geography pertaining to India and the World.

Paper-II: General Studies, Essay and Comprehension
Part A Essay – 80 Marks
The candidates need to write 4 essays in either English or Hindi. The indicative topics are:
  • Modern Indian history especially of the freedom struggle
  • Geography
  • Polity and economy
  • Knowledge of security and human rights issues and analytical ability
Part‐B – Comprehension, précis writing, other communications/language skills – 120 Marks
This section will have the question in English only and the candidates can answer them in English only. The topics are
  • Comprehension passages,
  • précis writing,
  • developing counter arguments,
  • simple grammar and other aspects of language testing.
UPSC CAPF 2020 Syllabus Interview/Personality Test
The UPSC CAPF syllabus for the UPSC CAPF Interview/Personality Test is not mentioned anywhere. The UPSC interview board can ask anything in the interview but most probably the questions asked from the current events, security issues and sometimes from the operational behaviour of the Central Armed Police Forces.

National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination
Combined Defence Services (CDS)
English (Code 1)
It will check understanding of English language and use of workmanlike word through: Unseen Passage, Spotting Errors, Sentence Rearrangement, Idioms & Phrases, Ordering of Sentences, Fillers, Synonyms & Antonyms, Parts of Speech, Spelling Mistakes, Transformation of Sentences, Reported Speech
General Knowledge(Code 2)
The section will test candidates' knowledge of current events and matters of everyday observation along with their knowledge of scientific aspects, Indian History and Geography: General Science, Social Studies, History, Geography, Current Events & Affairs
Elementary Mathematics(Code 3)
Number System, Square roots, Decimal fractions, Unitary method, Time and distance, Time and work, Percentage, Simple and Compound interest, Profit and loss, Ratio and proportion, Division algorithm, Prime and composite numbers, Tests of divisibility, Multiples and factors, H.C.F. and L.C.M, Euclidean algorithm, Logarithms to base 10, Laws of logarithms
Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M., Theory of polynomials, Solutions of quadratic equations, Relation between its roots and coefficients, Linear equations, Set language and set notation, Rational expressions, Laws of indices
Sine ×,cosine ×, Tangent ×, Values of sin ×, cos × and tan ×, for × = 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°, Use of trigonometric tables, Simple cases of heights and distances
Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems
Squares, Rectangles, Parallelograms, Triangle, Circle, Areas of figures, Surface area and volume of cuboids, Volume of right circular cones & cylinders, Surface area and volume of spheres
Collection & tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation

UPSC CDS SSB Interview 2020
The SSB Interview carries equivalent marks as that of written exam. For IMA/INA/AFA Courses, the SSB Interview holds 300 marks and for OTA, the interview holds 200 marks. The SSB involves two stage selection process:
Stage I: Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests
Stage II: Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests & Conference
Both the stages are successive for selection of candidates. Candidates need to qualify both the stages. Candidates' performance in SSB Interview is accessed by three accessors: Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO)
Candidates who are able to fetch UPSC CDS Cut off Marks in the written exam and qualify the SSB Interview make into the final merit list prepared by the UPSC. Candidates selection for admission to IMA, INA, AFA and OTA courses is made through this final merit list.
Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
IAS Prelims Syllabus
General Studies - No Of Questions - No of Marks - Duration
Paper-I - 100 - 200 - 120 minutes (2 hours)
Paper-II - 80 - 200 - 120 minutes (2 hours)
Total - 180 - 400 - 240 minutes (4 hours)

IAS Prelims Syllabus For General Studies Paper 1
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science
IAS Prelims Syllabus For General Studies Paper 2
  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
  • Decision making and problem solving.
  • General mental ability.
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level).
IAS Mains Syllabus
Paper - Subject - Marks
Paper-A (Qualifying Paper)
Indian Language (One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution) - 300
Paper-B (Qualifying Paper) English - 300
Paper-I Essay - 250
Paper-II General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society) - 250
Paper-III General Studies -II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) - 250
Paper-IV General Studies -III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) - 250
Paper-V General Studies -IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) - 250
Paper-VI Optional Subject - Paper 1 - 250
Paper-VII Optional Subject - Paper 2 - 250
Sub Total
Written Test - 1750
Personality Test (Interview) - 275
Grand Total - 2025

Indian Engineering Services(IES)
Stage I - Paper I, Objective type, Common to all Candidates, duration 2 hours, Maximum Marks 200.
1. Current issues of national and international importance relating to social, economic and industrial development
2. Engineering Aptitude covering Logical reasoning and Analytical ability
3. Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis
4. General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of Safety
5. Standards and Quality practices in production, construction, maintenance and services
6. Basics of Energy and Environment : Conservation, Environmental pollution and degradation, Climate change, Environmental impact assessment
7. Basics of Project Management
8. Basics of Material Science and Engineering
9. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their applications in Engineering such as networking, e-governance and technology based education.
10. Ethics and values in engineering profession
Note: The paper in General Studies and Engineering Aptitude will include the knowledge of relevant topics as may be expected from an engineering graduate, without special study. Questions from all the 10 topics mentioned above shall be set. Marks for each Topic may range from 5% to 15% of the total marks on the paper.
Branch/Discipline: Civil Engineering (Contents for syllabi of both the Papers together for Stage-I objective type Paper–II and separately for Stage-II Conventional type Paper-I and Paper – II)
1. Building Materials: Stone, Lime, Glass, Plastics, Steel, FRP, Ceramics, Aluminum, Fly Ash, Basic Admixtures, Timber, Bricks and Aggregates: Classification, properties and selection criteria;Cement: Types, Composition, Properties, Uses, Specifications and various Tests; Lime & Cement Mortars and Concrete: Properties and various Tests; Design of Concrete Mixes: Proportioning of aggregates and methods of mix design.
2. Solid Mechanics: Elastic constants, Stress, plane stress, Strains, plane strain, Mohr's circle of stress and strain, Elastic theories of failure, Principal Stresses, Bending, Shear and Torsion.
3. Structural Analysis: Basics of strength of materials, Types of stresses and strains, Bending moments and shear force, concept of bending and shear stresses; Analysis of determinate and indeterminate structures; Trusses, beams, plane frames; Rolling loads, Influence Lines, Unit load method & other methods; Free and Forced vibrations of single degree and multi degree freedom system; Suspended Cables; Concepts and use of Computer Aided Design.
4. Design of Steel Structures: Principles of Working Stress methods, Design of tension and compression members, Design of beams and beam column connections, built-up sections, Girders, Industrial roofs, Principles of Ultimate load design.
5. Design of Concrete and Masonry structures:
Limit state design for bending, shear, axial compression and combined forces; Design of beams, Slabs, Lintels, Foundations, Retaining walls, Tanks, Staircases; Principles of pre-stressed concrete design including materials and methods; Earthquake resistant design of structures; Design of Masonry Structure.
6. Construction Practice, Planning and Management:
Construction -
Planning, Equipment, Site investigation and Management including Estimation with latest project management tools and network analysis for different Types of works; Analysis of Rates of various types of works; Tendering Process and Contract Management, Quality Control, Productivity, Operation Cost; Land acquisition; Labour safety and welfare.
1. Flow of Fluids, Hydraulic Machines and Hydro Power:
(a) Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow, Pipe Flow:
Fluid properties; Dimensional Analysis and Modeling; Fluid dynamics including flow kinematics and measurements; Flow net; Viscosity, Boundary layer and control, Drag, Lift, Principles in open channel flow, Flow controls. Hydraulic jump; Surges; Pipe networks.
(b) Hydraulic Machines and Hydro power - Various pumps, Air vessels, Hydraulic turbines – types, classifications & performance parameters; Power house – classification and layout, storage, pondage, control of supply.
2. Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering: Hydrological cycle, Ground water hydrology, Well hydrology and related data analysis; Streams and their gauging; River morphology; Flood, drought and their management; Capacity of Reservoirs. Water Resources Engineering : Multipurpose uses of Water, River basins and their potential; Irrigation systems, water demand assessment; Resources - storages and their yields; Water logging, canal and drainage design, Gravity dams, falls, weirs, Energy dissipaters, barrage Distribution works, Cross drainage works and head-works and their design; Concepts in canal design, construction & maintenance; River training, measurement and analysis of rainfall.
3. Environmental Engineering:
(a) Water Supply Engineering:
Sources, Estimation, quality standards and testing of water and their treatment; Rural, Institutional and industrial water supply; Physical, chemical and biological characteristics and sources of water, Pollutants in water and its effects, Estimation of water demand; Drinking water Standards, Water Treatment Plants, Water distribution networks.
(b) Waste Water Engineering: Planning & design of domestic waste water, sewage collection and disposal; Plumbing Systems. Components and layout of sewerage system; Planning & design of Domestic Waste-water disposal system; Sludge management including treatment, disposal and re-use of treated effluents; Industrial waste waters and Effluent Treatment Plants including institutional and industrial sewage management.
(c) Solid Waste Management: Sources & classification of solid wastes along with planning & design of its management system; Disposal system, Beneficial aspects of wastes and Utilization by Civil Engineers.
(d) Air, Noise pollution and Ecology: Concepts & general methodology.
4. Geo-technical Engineering and Foundation Engineering :
(a) Geo-technical Engineering :
Soil exploration - planning & methods, Properties of soil, classification, various tests and inter-relationships; Permeability & Seepage, Compressibility, consolidation and Shearing resistance, Earth pressure theories and stress distribution in soil; Properties and uses of geo-synthetics.
(b) Foundation Engineering: Types of foundations & selection criteria, bearing capacity, settlement analysis, design and testing of shallow & deep foundations; Slope stability analysis, Earthen embankments, Dams and Earth retaining structures: types, analysis and design, Principles of ground modifications.
5. Surveying and Geology:
(a) Surveying:
Classification of surveys, various methodologies, instruments & analysis of measurement of distances, elevation and directions; Field astronomy, Global Positioning System; Map preparation; Photogrammetry; Remote sensing concepts; Survey Layout for culverts, canals, bridges, road/railway alignment and buildings, Setting out of Curves.
(b) Geology : Basic knowledge of Engineering geology & its application in projects.
6. Transportation Engineering:
- Planning & construction methodology, Alignment and geometric design; Traffic Surveys and Controls; Principles of Flexible and Rigid pavements design. Tunneling - Alignment, methods of construction, disposal of muck, drainage, lighting and ventilation. Railways Systems – Terminology, Planning, designs and maintenance practices; track modernization. Harbours – Terminology, layouts and planning. Airports – Layout, planning & design.
Common Admission Test (CAT)
Verbal and Reading Comprehension (VARC)
VARC section is the first section of the CAT question paper and is to be solved first. The section is divided into two sub-parts, VA and RC. In CAT 2020, the sectional time limit for VARC will be 40 minutes. Take a look at important topics and some key points of this section.
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Verbal Reasoning
  • Sentence completion
  • Grammar
  • Syllogisms
  • Jumbled paragraphs
  • Para Completion and inference
  • Contextual usage
  • Foreign language words used in English
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Analogies
  • Sentence correction
  • Verbal Logic
  • Different usage of same word
  • Idioms
  • Parajumbles
  • Antonyms
  • One word substitution
Verbal Ability (VA): Key Points
  • Number of questions asked range from 7-11
  • Sectional weightage of this section is 7-11 per cent
  • The type of questions are all non-MCQs, which means the candidates have to type in the answer (TITA)
  • There is no negative marking in VA since the questions are non-MCQ type
  • Types of questions range from para-jumbles, out of context sentence in a para, error correction in a para, vocabulary usage and sentence completion to analogies and critical reasoning
Reading Comprehension (RC): Key Points
  • Number of questions asked range from 24-28
  • Sectional weightage of this section is 24-28 per cent
  • The type of questions are all MCQs, hence there is negative marking of -1
  • RC section of CAT has a mix of RC passages, on an average 4-3 long passages and 2-3 short passages
  • According to the trend of the last three years, long passages are of 900 word and short passages are of 600 words
  • Topics of these RCs range from science, history, politics, environment, society to literature, mythology and abstract topics
Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning (DI & LR)
DILR is the second section of CAT question paper and is to be solved after the VARC section. This section is further divided into two sub-sections - DI and LR. The sectional time limit for DILR in CAT 2020 will be 40 minutes. Take a look at important topics and some key points of this section.
  • Blood Relations
  • Series
  • Proposition
  • Direction Sense
  • Coding-Decoding
  • Assumptions
  • Puzzles
  • Clocks and Calendars
  • Statements
  • Data Arrangement
  • Family Tree
  • Binary Logic
  • Seating Arrangement
  • Sets & Caselets
  • Syllogism
  • Venn Diagram
  • Data Structures
  • Tables& Pie Charts
  • Data Sufficiency
  • Bars & Line Graphs
Logical Reasoning (LR): Key Points
  • Number of questions asked in LR is 16
  • Sectional weightage of this section is 16 per cent
  • LR contains both MCQ and non-MCQ type questions
  • Number of MCQs and non-MCQs may vary
  • There is negative marking for MCQs
  • There is no negative marking for non-MCQs
Data Interpretation (DI): Key Points
  • Number of questions asked in DI is16
  • Sectional weightage of this section is 16 per cent
  • DI contains both MCQ and non-MCQ type questions
  • Number of MCQs and non-MCQs may vary
  • There is negative marking for MCQs
  • There is no negative marking for non-MCQs
Quantitative Ability (QA)
Quantitative Aptitude is the last section of CAT question paper and is to be solved in the last one hour of the exam. Take a look at important topics and some key points of this section.
  • Geometry
  • Trigonometry
  • Algebra
  • Mensuration
  • Partnership (Accounts)
  • Profit & Loss
  • Ratios and Proportion
  • In-equations Quadratic and linear equations
  • Surds and Indices
  • Time-Speed-Distance
  • Number System
  • Geometric Progression
  • Inequalities
  • Work and Time
  • Percentages
  • Logarithms
Quantitative Aptitude (QA): Key Points
  • Number of questions asked in QA is 34
  • Sectional weightage of this section is 34 per cent
  • LR contains both MCQ and non-MCQ type questions
  • Number of MCQs and non-MCQs vary every year.
  • Past trends suggest the number of MCQs in QA section range from 24-27 and non-MCQs range from 7-10
  • There is negative marking for MCQs
  • There is no negative marking for non-MCQs
GPAT Syllabus

  • Pharmacology
  • Physical Chemistry
  • Physical Pharmacy
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Dispensing and Hospital Pharmacy
  • Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence
  • Pharmaceutical Management
  • Pharmaceutics
  • Pharmaceutical Engineering
  • Pharmacognosy
  • Human Anatomy and Physiology
  • Pharmaceutical Analysis
  • Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics
  • Biotechnology
  • Pathophysiology
  • Microbiology
Exam pattern of GPAT 2021
Mode of the exam - Online
Exam duration - 3 hours
Total number of questions - 125
Maximum marks - 500
Type of questions - Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Marks per question - 4 marks for each question
Negative marking +4 for every correct response
-1 for every incorrect response
International English Language Testing System (IELTS)
Section - Description
Questions/Duration -
- It encompasses four recorded monologues and conversations - 30 minutes
Reading - Three long reading passages with tasks. Texts range from descriptive and factual to discursive, and analytical includes non-verbal material like diagrams, graphs, and illustrations texts are authentic (taken from books, journals, and newspapers) - 60 minutes
Writing - A writing task of at least 150 words where the candidate must summarize, describe or explain table, graph, chart or diagram, and another short essay task of at least 250 words - 60 minutes
Speaking - The face-to-face interview includes short questions, speaking at length about a familiar topic and a structured discussion - 11 to 14 minutes
IELTS Test Component
1. Listening (Same for Academic and General Training)
  • It includes four sections, 40 items
  • One is a conversation between two individuals
  • Second is a monologue/speech
  • The third section is a conversation among a maximum of four people set in an academic setting
  • The final one is a monologue on an academic subject
Please note that each section is heard only once.
2. Reading (Different for Academic and General Training)
  • It includes three sections, 40 items
  • You need to read the text passages and answer questions in multiple-choice, sentence completion, summary writing, matching information, short-answers
  • Each passage consists of 13-14 questions
  • The reading module has in total of 40 questions
  • Reading passages and questions are different in Academic and General Training IELTS
a) Reading-IELTS Academic
  • The syllabus includes three long texts
  • Subject matter range from the descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical.
  • The texts are authentic and are taken from books, journals, magazines, and newspapers.
  • These are selected for a non-specialist audience
  • Appropriate for candidates entering university courses or seeking professional registration abroad.
b) Reading- IELTS General Training
  • Requires candidates to read extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks, and guidelines.
  • These are materials one is likely to encounter on a daily basis in an English speaking environment.
3. Writing (Different for Academic and General Training)
  • It includes two tasks
  • Topics are of general interest and suitable for candidates planning undergraduate and postgraduate studies abroad or seeking professional registration.
  • In Task I, you will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and asked to describe, summarise or explain the information in your own words.
  • In Task 2, you will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem.
4. Speaking (Same for Academic and General Training)
  • Three-part one-on-one conversation
  • The test will be recorded for evaluation purposes and will consist of three parts that simulate a face-to-face oral interview with an examiner.
  • The Speaking component assesses the candidates' use of spoken English; takes between 11 to 14 minutes to complete.
  • The entire speaking test is recorded by the examiner.
  • In Part I, you will be asked questions about oneself and a range of familiar topics, such as home, family, work, studies and interests.
  • Part I is for about four and five minutes.
  • In Part II, you will be given a card asking you to talk about a particular topic. You will be given one minute to prepare before speaking.
  • In Part III, the questions you will be asked will be connected to the Part II topics.
Graduate Record Examinations (GRE)
GRE Syllabus 2020
GRE Sections - No.of Questions - Time to complete
Paper-based Computer-based
Verbal Reasoning - 25 - 35 minutes
Quantitative Reasoning - 25 - 40 minutes
Analytical Writing Skills - 2 - 30 minutes
Paper-based Computer-based
Verbal Reasoning - 20 - 30 minutes
Quantitative Reasoning - 20 - 35 minutes
Analytical Writing Skills - 2 - 30 minutes
GRE Syllabus: Three main segments
Analytical writing - Verbal Reasoning - Quantitative Reasoning
List of topics in GRE Analytical writing Syllabus
The GRE syllabus for analytical writing is divided into two tasks:
  1. Analyse and Argument: This requires you to evaluate a given argument according to specific instructions
  2. Analyze and Issue: This requires you to present an option on the issue of general interest with specific instructions on how to respond to that issue.
The tasks in the GRE Analytical Writing section is related to a broad range of topics such as fine arts, physical science, humanities, and more. You do not require knowledge on a specific topic. Regardless of your field of study or interests, you will be able to understand the task.
List of topics in GRE Quantitative Reasoning Syllabus
  • Maths Formulas List
  • Number properties
  • Order of operations
  • Percentage
  • Ratio and proportion
  • Profit and loss
  • Simple and compound interest
  • Speed, distance and time
  • Permutation & combination
  • Linear equations
  • Quadratic equations
  • Sets Theory
  • Statistics: Average, Median, Mode, Range, Standard deviation
  • Powers and roots
  • Probability
  • Pipes, cisterns, work, time
  • Lines and angles
  • Triangles
  • Polygon
  • Quadrilateral
  • Circles
  • Co-ordinate geometry
  • Volume and surface area
List of topics in GRE Verbal Reasoning Syllabus
  • The clickable links will launch a tutorial covering the basic concepts from the GRE verbal syllabus.
  • Basic Sentence structure: Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives
  • Verb Tense
  • Idioms & Idiomatic Expressions
  • Pronoun Agreement
  • Subject Verb Agreement
  • Modifiers
  • Parallelism
CA Foundation
CA Foundation Syllabus 2020
CA Foundation exam is the gateway to a career in Chartered Accountancy. Thus, to clear the CA Foundation exam, candidates need to have a thorough knowledge of the CA Syllabus and prepare accordingly. Before getting into the detailed CA Foundation Syllabus, let's have an overview of the CA Foundation exam pattern:
  1. CA Foundation exam has four papers.
  2. Every paper carries a maximum of 100 marks and the time duration is 3 hours for each paper.
  3. Paper 1 and Paper 2 will be of subjective type and Paper 3 and Paper 4 will be of objective type.
  4. The objective type of questions will be have negative marking for wrong answers. 1/4th of the marks will be deducted for each wrong answer.
  5. Candidates must score a minimum of 40% marks in each paper and a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate of all the papers to pass the CA foundation exam.
  6. CA Foundation exam is an offline exam and conducted twice a year. The question paper will be either in English or Hindi languages.
CA Foundation Course Syllabus 2020
The papers in CA Foundation course are as follows:
Paper 1: Principles and Practice of Accounting
Paper 2: Business Laws and Business Correspondence
a) Business Laws
b) Business Correspondence and Reporting
Paper 3: Business Mathematics, Logical Reasoning and Statistics
a) Business Mathematics
b) Logical Reasoning
c) Statistics
Paper 4: Business Economics and Business & Commercial Knowledge
a) Business Economics
b) Business and Commercial Knowledge

CA Foundation Syllabus For Paper 1 (Principles And Practice Of Accounting)

  1. Theoretical Framework
  2. Accounting Process
  3. Bank Reconciliation Statement
  4. Inventories
  5. Concept of Accounting of Depreciation
  6. Accounting for Special Transaction
  7. Final Accounts of Sole Proprietors
  8. Partnership Accounts
  9. Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Organization
  10. Introduction to Company Accounts
  11. Basic Accounting ratios (Profitability, solvency, liquidity and turnover)
CA Foundation Syllabus For Paper 2 (Business Laws And Business Correspondence & Reporting)
Section A: Business Laws (60 Marks)
  1. The Indian Contract Act, 1872
  2. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930
  3. The Indian partnership act, 1932
  4. The Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008
  5. The Companies Act, 2013
Section B: Business Correspondence And Reporting (40 Marks)
Part I : Communication
  1. Communication
Part II: Sentence Types and Word Power
  1. Sentence Type
  2. Vocabulary Root Words, Synonyms, Antonyms, Prefixes, Suffixes, Phrasal verbs, Collocations and Idioms.
Part III: Comprehensive Passages and Note-Making
  1. Comprehension Passages
  2. Note Making
Part IV: Developing Writing Skills
  1. Introduction to Basic Writing
  2. Precis Writing
  3. Article Writing
  4. Report Writing
  5. Writing Formal Letters
  6. Writing Formal Mails
  7. Resume Writing
  8. Meetings
CA Foundation Syllabus For Paper 3 (Business Mathematics, Logical Reasoning And Statistics
Part A: Business Mathematics (40 Marks)
  1. Ratio and Proportions, Indices and Logarithms
  2. Equations and Matrices
  3. Linear Inequalities with Objective Functions and Optimization with respect to Objective Function
  4. Time Value of Money
  5. Permutations and Combinations
  6. Sequence and Series
  7. Sets, Relations and Functions
  8. Basic Application of Differential and Integral Calculus.
Part B: Logical Reasoning (20 Marks)
  1. Number Series, Coding & Decoding and odd man out
  2. Direction Tests
  3. Seat Arrangement
  4. Blood Relations
  5. Syllogism
Part C: Statistics (40 Marks)
  1. Statistical Description of Data
  2. Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion.
  3. Probability
  4. Theoretical Distributions
  5. Correlation and Regressions
  6. Index Number and Time Series
CA Foundation Syllabus For Paper 4 (Business Economics and Business & Commercial Knowledge)
Part A: Business Economics (60 Marks)

  1. Introduction to Business Economics
  2. Theory of Demand and Supply
  3. Theory of Production and Cost
  4. Price Determination in Different Markets
  5. Business Cycles
Part B: Business & Commercial Knowledge (40 Marks)
  1. Introduction to Business
  2. Business Environment
  3. Business Organizations
  4. Government Policies for Business Growth
  5. Organizations Facilitating Business
  6. Common Business Technologies
National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination
Staff Nurse Syllabus 2020
Candidates are advised to cover all the topics given below as question will be asked on these topics-
1. Anatomy and Physiology
2. Microbiology
3. Fundamental of Nursing
4. First Aid
5. Community Health Nursing
6. Health Education and Communication Skills
7. Nutrition
8. Medical Surgical Nursing
9. Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing
10. Computers in Nursing
11. Midwifery and Gynaecological Nursing
12. Paediatric Nursing

Staff Nurse Exam Pattern 2020
The written exam will consist of 100 multiple choice questions. Each questions carries one and half mark. Negative marking system for each question for which a incorrect has been given by the aspirant 1/3 of the marks assigned to the MCQs question will be deducted as penalty to arrive to your obtained mark.
Duration : 2 Hrs
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